Consuming food that is healthy for the body in the required quantities is the basis for the prevention of various ailments. Improper nutrition in gout is one of the leading causes of its complications, which is recognized by doctors and patients themselves. If the patient does not exclude forbidden foods from his diet, this can cause an exacerbation and acceleration of destructive processes in the joints.
What foods can you eat? How to correctly compose a menu for gout? Before answering these questions, you need to understand what absolutely can not be eaten with gout and arthritis. The treatment of this disease is a rather lengthy process. The priorities of therapy are the removal of pain and the relief of a sudden attack.
What products are prohibited
Almost everyone knows about how fats of animal origin affect the human body. But many people with gout are in no hurry to exclude them from their diet. But this is what can cause the progression of the disease.
So, with this ailment, it is absolutely impossible to use:
- spices (with the exception of vinegar and bay leaf);
As statistics show, exacerbations of gout often begin when the patient begins to eat improperly, allowing himself to eat fatty fish, meat, lard. It is strictly forbidden to drink alcohol with gout, but not every patient observes this rule. Alcohol, like fatty foods, delays the excretion of uric acid salts and their deposits from the body.
With gout, the body is weakened, while alcohol leaves practically no chance to resist the disease. Alcohol, even in very small amounts, can provoke a sudden attack of gout. Moreover, the pain symptoms in this case will last much longer and manifest themselves more strongly. At the same time, drugs will not be able to effectively extinguish them, since alcohol in the human body will interfere with the effects of drugs. What will be the result of drinking alcohol? Acceleration of the process of deposition of uric acid salts and general intoxication of the body.
Sausages and smoked meats are very dangerous for gout, as is table salt. Mushrooms are useful products for a number of diseases, as they contain trace elements necessary for a person. But gouty people should not eat them. What spice can be used when preparing dietary food? Which condiment to choose? Only bay leaf and vinegar. If gout occurs against the background of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, vinegar and vinegar water cannot be used in cooking.
The patient should exclude any canned food from his diet. Treat yourself to sprats? Expect an exacerbation of gout. Salty and spicy cheeses can also aggravate it. Legumes, coffee, tea, beer, meat broths are capable of provoking complications. Any overeating with gout is fraught with the fact that it can provoke an attack, which, if the diet is violated, will be aggravated by additional complications.
With an exacerbation of gout, the list of products that can be consumed by the patient is further reduced. It is also necessary to know that the recipes for dishes that prepare gout should in no case include frying the ingredients.
What is good to eat with gout
Nutrition for gout depends not only on the stage of the course of the disease, but also on concomitant diseases. On the question of how to properly compose a menu and what diet to choose, the most accurate answer will be given by a rheumatologist, gastroenterologist and nutritionist. There are products for gout that are allowed to be consumed, but only in limited quantities.
The following foods are helpful for gout:
- any vegetables (except spicy and cauliflower);
- greens (except sorrel, spinach, celery);
- various fruits (especially citrus fruits);
- low-fat dairy and sour-milk products;
- eggs (quail and chicken);
- vegetable oil.
The diet for this ailment may include a small amount of fish or meat. Recipes for cooking boiled poultry are very simple. In some cases, pumpkin is added to it, which helps to improve digestion. This vegetable is often recommended to be included in the diet for joint diseases. Pumpkin, like tomatoes, improves digestion, helps to remove uric acid deposits from the body. With exacerbation of gout, pumpkin and tomatoes are not excluded from the diet.
It is generally accepted that people suffering from gout should not be limited in their consumption of tomatoes. But if the patient has certain disorders in the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, a large number of these vegetables will provoke an exacerbation of stomach diseases. Recipes for dishes that require a lot of greens for cooking should be excluded for patients with gout. However, all types of dill can be consumed.
What about butter and milk? On the one hand, the body needs them, on the other hand, they can aggravate gout. How to use these products correctly? With an exacerbation of the disease, milk and butter can not be eaten. In the remission stage, they are allowed as additional to useful products. Kashi is the basis of proper nutrition for people suffering from gout. Recipes for these dishes include the addition of butter or milk. During an exacerbation of gout, porridges are cooked in water.
Vegetable soups are a real miracle cure for gout. Vegetables can be combined with cereals and pasta, which adds variety to the patient's menu. Once a week, it is imperative to arrange a fasting day, during which to use only one product. It is debatable whether it is possible or not to arrange such unloading during the period of exacerbation of the disease. Many doctors assure: during a gout attack, there can be no question of any unloading day, such nutrition will further weaken the body and will not bring the desired therapeutic effect.
Proteins are required by the human body for any disease. Which product to choose to satisfy this need and not harm your health? Egg. You need to know: every day you can eat only one egg, otherwise the protein received by the body will provoke the release of a significant portion of uric acid into the blood.
Black and white bread are very useful for gout. Seeds and nuts too. What kind of apples to give preference to gout? Experts advise choosing those apples whose peel is green.
Seafood helps to reduce the level of uric acid in the body. Squids do an excellent job with this task. Salad recipes, where squids are combined with various vegetables and seaweed, should be chosen carefully. Which one will fit? Only one where there are no greens, seasonings and a small amount of vegetable oil is required.
Benefits of mineral water
Mineral water must be in the diet of a person suffering from gout. The patient should drink an average of 2. 5 liters of water per day, but only if he does not have chronic kidney disease. Moreover, you can drink both boiled or mineral water, and juices, decoctions, compotes, green tea.
If you pour rose hips or dried fruits with boiling water and let them brew in a thermos, you will get an excellent compote, in which a maximum of vitamins is stored. With gout, boiled water is poured with medicinal herbs to get useful infusions. What composition to choose for such an infusion, a phytotherapist will recommend.
Mineral water is no less popular remedy. It differs in the location of the source and composition. To treat gout, you need to drink slightly alkaline water. The container label contains all the necessary information. It is best to choose mineral water. But you should use only the mineral water recommended by the doctor.